Ralf Herbrich, Thore Graepel, and Colin Campbell (1999)

# Bayes Point Machines: Estimating the Bayes Point in Kernel Space

In: Proceedings of IJCAI Workshop Support Vector Machines, pp. 23–27.

From a Bayesian perspective Support Vector Machines choose the hypothesis corresponding to the largest possible hypersphere that can be inscribed in version space, i.e. in the space of all consistent hypotheses given a training set. Those boundaries of version space which are tangent to the hypersphere define the support vectors. An alternative and potentially better approach is to construct the hypothesis using the whole of version space. This is achieved by using a Bayes Point Machine which finds the midpoint of the region of intersection of all hyperplanes bisecting version space into two halves of equal volume (the Bayes point). It is known that the center of mass of version space approximates the Bayes point. We suggest estimating the center of mass by averaging over the trajectory of a billiard ball bouncing in version space. Experimental results are presented indicating that Bayes Point Machines consistently outperform Support Vector Machines.